Sathanur Reservoir India

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Sathanur Reservoir Tamilnadu

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Location: Tiruvannamali Sambuvarayar district, Tamil Nadu
Area: 1822 ha.
Altitude: 216 m

Description of site: The reservoir was constructed in 1957 across the river Ponnaiyar at Sathanur village. It is situated 30 km west of Tiruvannamalai. The catchment area covering 10835 ha extends into the neighbouring Dharmapuri district. Water depth fluctuates widely, the maximum being 39 m. The reservoir is perennial

Land use: The surrounding areas are under cultivation. The reservoir is utilised for fisheries Possible changes in land use and proposed development projects: A hydroelectric power project is being set up at the site

Disturbances and threats: Owing to the high rate of deforestation and mismanagement of lands in the catchment area, the rate of siltation is high. It has been estimated that 779 million cubic feet of silt has been deposited in the last 30 years and siltation is still continuing. Impounding of water in six minor reservoirs constructed across the river Ponnaiyar, upstream of Sathanur, is reportedly restricting the inflow of water to the reservoir

Economic and social values: The reservoir irrigates 18212 ha of agricultural lands in Tiruvannamalai, Sambuvarayar, and South Arcot districts. It is also the main source of drinking water for the inhabitants of the region. The State Forest Department has established a crocodile farm at the reservoir with the introduction of 1200 marsh crocodiles (Crocodylus palustris). The farm attracts tourists in large numbers which is a source of income. Fishery operations are being carried out by the Tamil Nadu Fisheries Development Corporation. Fingerlings of three fish species, Catla catla, Labeo rohita, and Cirrhinus mrigala, obtained by induced breeding, have been stocked in the reservoir. The annual catch of these fishes is an important source of income

Fauna: The reservoir attracts several bird species. A census conducted in 1991-92 recorded Phalacrocorax niger (1,200), Anhinga rufa (40), Ardeola grayii (180), Bubulcus ibis (160), Egretta garzetta (300), E.intermedia (225), E.alba (45), Ardea purpurea (18), A. cinerea (80), and shorebirds (about 7000), including, blackwinged stilt, red-wattled lapwing, little-ringed plover, lesser sand plover, Kentish plover, and common sandpiper. The fish species include Labeo fimbriatus, L. Calbassu, Wallago attu, and several catfishes. In the surrounding forests, spotted deer (Axis axis) and wild boar (Sus scrota) are found in considerable numbers


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